Varicocele, also known as varicose seal or varicoscele, is an abnormal enlargement of the varicose veins that occur in the scrotum. A varicocele usually forms when valves inside the veins prevent proper blood flow, which causes the blood to accumulate, leading to swelling of the veins.Varicoceles are most commonly found to occur in the left testicle. They are fairly common and it effects around 40% of men diagnosed with infertility.

Varicocele treatments are mainly performed to improve male fertility . It is usually done surgically on an outpatient basis using a general anesthesia. In this procedure, a small incision is made in the abdomen to identify the veins that produce the varicocele which is then cut to eliminate blood flow to the varicocele. Alternatively, a nonsurgical procedure called percutaneous embolization can also be done to treat a varicocele.


  • Enlarged veins in the scrotum
  • Painless swelling or bulge in the scrotum

Why It has to be treated?

Varicoceles increases the temperature of the testicles or cause blood to accumulate in the veins which blocks the blood supply to the testicles. Varicoceles can be a factor which can cause infertility in men because it can damage or kill the sperm. Varicocele is mainly treated to improve the fertility of men.